Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?

Bootstrap vs Material

Welcome to the wtg guide for “Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better”? Superior user experience is becoming increasingly important for businesses as it helps them to engage users and boost brand loyalty. Front-end website and app development platforms, namely Bootstrap and Material Design empower developers to create websites with a robust structure and advanced functionality, thereby delivering outstanding business solutions and unbeatable user experience.

Both Twitter’s Bootstrap and Google’s Material Design are used by developers to create functional and high-quality websites and apps. If you are an aspiring front-end developer, here’s a direct comparison between the two, so you can choose the one that’s better suited for your upcoming project.


Bootstrap is an open-source, intuitive, and powerful framework used for responsive mobile-first solutions on the web. For several years, Bootstrap has helped developers create splendid mobile-ready front-end websites. In fact, Bootstrap is the most popular  CSS framework as it’s easy to learn and offers a consistent design by using re-usable components.

Let’s dive deeper into the pros and cons of Bootstrap.


  • High speed of development

If you have limited time for the website or app development, Bootstrap is an ideal choice. It offers ready-made blocks of code that can get you started within no time. So, you don’t have to start coding from scratch.

Bootstrap also provides ready-made themes, templates, and other resources that can be downloaded and customized to suit your needs, allowing you to create a unique website as quickly as possible.

  • Bootstrap is mobile first

Since January 1, 2021, Google started using mobile-friendliness as a critical ranking factor for all websites. This is because users prefer using sites that are compatible with the screen size of the device they are using. In other words, they prefer accessing responsive sites.

Bootstrap is an ideal choice for responsive sites as it has an excellent fluid grid system and responsive utility classes that make the task at hand easy and quick.

  • Enjoys  a strong community support

Bootstrap has a huge number of resources available on its official website and enjoys immense support from the developers’ community. Consequently, it helps all developers fix issues promptly.

At present, Bootstrap is being developed and maintained on GitHub by Mark Otto, currently Principal Design & Brand Architect at GitHub, with nearly 19 thousand commits and 1087 contributors. The team regularly releases updates to fix any new issues and improve the effectiveness of the framework.

For instance, currently, the Bootstrap team is working on releasing version 4.3 that will drop jQuery for regular JavaScript. This is primarily because jQuery adds 30KB to the webpage size and is tricky to configure with bundlers like Webpack.

Similarly, Flexbox is a new feature added to the Bootstrap 4 framework. In fact, Bootstrap version 4 is rich with features, such as a Flexbox-based grid, responsive sizing and floats, auto margins, vertical centering, and new spacing utilities.

Further, you will find plenty of websites offering Bootstrap tutorials, a wide collection of themes, templates, plugins, and user interface kit that can be used as per your taste and nature of the project.


  • All Bootstrap sites look the same

The Twitter team introduced Bootstrap with the objective of helping developers use a standardized interface to create websites within a short time. However, one of the major drawbacks of this framework is that all websites created using this framework are highly recognizable as Bootstrap sites.

Open Airbnb, Twitter, Apple Music, or Lyft. They all look the same with bold headlines, rounded sans-serif fonts, and lots of negative space.

  • Bootstrap sites can be heavy

Bootstrap is notorious for adding unnecessary bloat to websites as the files generated are huge in size. This leads to longer loading time and battery draining issues. Further, if you delete them manually, it defeats the purpose of using the framework.

So, if you use this popular front-end UI library in your project, make sure you pay extra attention to page weight and page speed.

  • January not be suitable for simple websites

Bootstrap may not be the right front-end framework for all types of websites, especially the ones that don’t need a full-fledged framework. This is because, Bootstrap’s theme packages are incredibly heavy with battery-draining scripts. Also, Bootstrap has CSS weighing in at 126KB and 29KB of JavaScript that can increase the site’s loading time.

In such cases, Bootstrap alternatives, namely Foundation, Skeleton, Pure, and Semantic UI adaptable and lightweight frameworks that can meet your developmental needs and improve your site’s user-friendliness.

Material Design

When compared to Bootstrap, Material Design is generally more difficult to customize and learn. However, this design language was introduced by Google in 2014 with the objective of enhancing Android app’s design and user interface. The language is quite popular among developers as it offers a quick and effective way for web development. It includes responsive transitions and animations, lighting and shadows effects, and grid-based layouts.

When developing a website or app using Material Design, designers should play to its strengths but be wary of its cons. Let’s see why.


  • Offers numerous components 

Material Design offers numerous components that provide a base design, guidelines, and templates. Developers can work on this to create a suitable website or application for the business. The Material Design concept offers the necessary information on how to use each component.

Moreover, Material Design Lite is quite popular for its customization. Many designers are creating customized components to take their projects to the next level.

  • Is compatible across various browsers

Both Bootstrap vs Material Design have a sound browser compatibility as they are compatible across most browsers. Material Design supports Angular Material and React Material User Interface. It also uses the SASS preprocessor.

  • Doesn’t require JavaScript frameworks

Bootstrap completely depends on JavaScript frameworks. However, Material Design doesn’t need any JavaScript frameworks or libraries to design websites or apps. In fact, the platform provides a material design framework that allows developers to create innovative components such as cards and badges.


  • The animations and vibrant colors can be distracting

Material Design extensively uses animated transitions and vibrant colors and images that help bring the interface to life. However, these animations can adversely affect the human brain’s ability to gather information.

  • It is affiliated to Google

Since Material Design is a Google-promoted framework, Android is its prominent adopter. Consequently, developers looking to create apps on a platform-independent UX may find it tough to work with Material Design.

However, when Google introduced the language, it had broad vision for Material Design that encompasses many platforms, including iOS. The tech giant has several Google Material Design components for iOS that can be used to render interesting effects using a flexible header, standard material colors, typography, and sliding tabs

  • Carries performance overhead

Material Design extensively uses animations that carry a lot of overhead. For instance, effects like drop shadow, color fill, and transform/translate transitions can be jerky and unpleasant for regular users.

Wrapping up: Should you use Bootstrap or Material Design for your next web or app development project?

Bootstrap is great for responsive, simple, and professional websites. It enjoys immense support and documentation, making it easy for developers to work with it. So, if you are working on a project that needs to be completed within a short time, opt for Bootstrap. The framework is mainly focused on creating responsive, functional, and high-quality websites and apps that enhance the user experience.

Notice how these websites have used Bootstrap to build responsive and mobile-first sites.

Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?
Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?
Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?
Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?

Material Design, on the other hand, is specific as a design language and great for building websites that focus on appearance, innovative designs, and beautiful animations. You can use Material Design for your portfolio sites, for instance.

The framework is pretty detailed and straightforward to use and helps you create websites with striking effects.

Check out how these websites and apps use the customized themes, popups, and buttons of Material Design.

Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?
Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?
Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?
Bootstrap vs Material Which is Better?

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Material Design

Material Design (codenamed Quantum Paper)[1] is a design language that Google developed in 2014. Expanding on the “card” motifs that debuted in Google Now, Material Design uses more grid-based layouts, responsive animations and transitions, padding, and depth effects such as lighting and shadows.

Google announced Material Design on January 25, 2014, at the 2014 Google I/O conference.


Designer Matías Duarte explained that, “unlike real paper, our digital material can expand and reform intelligently. Material has physical surfaces and edges. Seams and shadows provide meaning about what you can touch.” Google states that their new design language is based on paper and ink but implementation takes place in an advanced manner.[2][3][4]

Bootstrap vs Material

Material Design will gradually be extended throughout Google’s array of web and mobile products, providing a consistent experience across all platforms and applications. Google has also released application programming interfaces (APIs) for third-party developers to incorporate the design language into their applications.[5][6][7] The main purpose of material design is creation of new visual language that combines principles of good design with technical and scientific innovation.

In 2018, Google detailed a revamp of the language, with a focus on providing more flexibility for designers to create custom “themes” with varying geometry, colors, and typography. Google released Material Theme Editor exclusively for the macOS design application Sketch.[8][9]


As of 2021, most of Google’s mobile applications for Android had applied the new design language, including GmailYouTubeGoogle DriveGoogle Docs, Sheets and SlidesGoogle Maps, all of the Google Play-branded applications, and to an extent the Chrome browser and Google Keep.[citation needed] The desktop web-interfaces of Google Drive, Docs, Sheets, Slides and Inbox have incorporated it as well. More recently, it has started to appear in Chrome OS, such as in the system settings, file manager, and calculator apps.

Bootstrap vs Material

The canonical implementation of Material Design for web application user interfaces is called Polymer.[10] It consists of the Polymer library, a shim that provides a Web Components API for browsers that do not implement the standard natively, and an elements catalog, including the “paper elements collection” that features visual elements of the Material Design.[11]


Bootstrap is a free and open-source CSS framework directed at responsive, mobile-first front-end web development. It contains CSS– and (optionally) JavaScript-based design templates for typographyformsbuttonsnavigation and other interface components.

Bootstrap vs Material

Bootstrap is the sixth-most-starred project on GitHub, with more than 135,000 stars, behind freeCodeCamp (almost 307,000 stars) and marginally behind Vue.js framework.[2] According to Alexa Rank, Bootstrap is in the top-2000 in US while is in top-7000 in US.[3]


Early beginnings

Bootstrap, originally named Twitter Blueprint, was developed by Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton at Twitter as a framework to encourage consistency across internal tools. Before Bootstrap, various libraries were used for interface development, which led to inconsistencies and a high maintenance burden. According to Twitter developer Mark Otto:

Bootstrap vs Material

A super small group of developers and I got together to design and build a new internal tool and saw an opportunity to do something more. Through that process, we saw ourselves build something much more substantial than another internal tool. Months later, we ended up with an early version of Bootstrap as a way to document and share common design patterns and assets within the company.[4]

Bootstrap vs Material

After a few months of development by a small group, many developers at Twitter began to contribute to the project as a part of Hack Week, a hackathon-style week for the Twitter development team. It was renamed from Twitter Blueprint to Bootstrap, and released as an open source project on January 19, 2011.[5] It has continued to be maintained by Mark Otto, Jacob Thornton, and a small group of core developers, as well as a large community of contributors.[6]

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